Clinical Biochemistry

Clinical Biochemistry is a branch of medicine concerned with developing and carrying out clinical analyses of body fluids and other biological material for the diagnosis, therapy and prophylaxis of diseases (after Richterich & Colombo 1981).


Evidence based medicine is being increasingly practiced by clinicians world-wide, it therefore becomes imperative that the results which are released by the laboratory are accurate and reproducible. Our Biochemistry laboratory is well staffed and equipped with the latest instruments to achieve this goal. In addition the department participates in Internal as well as External Quality Assurance (EQAS). EQAS is performed with BioRad Laboratories.



1)      Johnson & Johnson Vitros 250, automated dry chemistry based analyser (2 nos.)


2)      Roche e411, Electrochemiluminescence based automated analyser



3) Diasys Respons 910, automated analyser



System wise parameters tested:

1)      Liver Function Test: Serum bilirubin with fractions, AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT), alkaline phosphatase, serum protein with fractions

2)      Kidney Function tests: Serum urea, serum creatinine

3)      Lipid profile: Total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, HDL, VLDL

4)      Pancreatic function: Serum amylase, serum lipase

5)      Anaemia: Serum iron, serum ferritin, Total iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)

6)      Vitamins: Vitamin D, vitamin B12

7)      Hormones: TSH, T3, T4,Free T3, Free T4, beta-HCG

8)      Serum electrolytes Na+, K+& Cl

9)      Body fluids (CSF, pleural, peritoneal, etc.): Glucose, protein, adenosine de-aminase (ADA)


Other tests:

1)      Troponin I

2)      Serum phosphorous

3)      Serum magnesium

4)      Anti-streptolysin O (ASO)

5)      Rheumatoid factor (RA)

6)      C-reactive protein (CRP)

7)      Gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT)

8)      Serum uric acid

9)      Serum calcium

10)  Serum glucose (GTT, RBS, FBS, PPBS)

11)  24 hour urine protein estimation